NEPAL – a peaceful kingdom nestled in the Great Himalaya range including the highest mountain in the world. Mt. Everest ( 8848mt) with vast landscape diversity, the birth place of the Lord Buddha, rich in culture with unique traditions, hidden until 1950s from the rest of the world is basically a mountainous country and located in South Asia. She is incomparable in natural beauty. The Himalaya once abode of many Gods and Goddesses and enlightenment place for the great Sadhus and Saints is now an attraction for all those who look for peace & rest, natural and wilderness & unique experience & adventure.
The best way to experience unbeatable combination of natural beauty and cultural riches of Nepal is to walk through terrain. One can walk along the beaten trails or virgin tracks. Either way you are in for an experience of a lifetime. Along with rhododendron forests, isolated hamlets, small mountain villages, birds, animals, temples, monasteries (Gomba) breathtaking landscape of unsurpassable mountain ranges, you will also encounter friendly people of different cultures and traditional rural life.
The great Mountains with unsurpassable splendor, crystal clear streams and brooks, the high current of rivers, colorful species of flowers, birds and animals, abundance of greenery and forests with much more hidden beauty and mystery with unavoidable adventure and fun will be waiting for you.
The medieval arts and architecture in the temples and palaces, monasteries and stupas are another attraction to the visitors of cultural thirst.
The country of Mount Everest, Roof top of the world, Top Eight highest mountain and 240 peaks exceeding 6094 meters, land of living Goddess, Melting pot of Hinduism and Buddhism, Country of non-stop festivals, Himalayan pilgrimage, “The wildest dreams of Kew” Nature’s amphitheatre, heat of Shangri-la, land of yak and yeti, living cultural museum of the world, anthropological treasure land, ecologists dreamland.
Between India & The TibetanAutonomous region of the Peoples’ of Republic China
1, 47,181 Sq. Kms.
Impean Pheasant ( Danfe)
Rhododendron-Arboreum ( Lali Gurans)
getting to nepal
Kathmandu – the capital city of Nepal is air linked with major cities Delhi, Bombay, Dhaka, Karachi, Dubai, Hongkong, Lhasa, Bangkok, Singapore, Japan and European cities – Frankfurt and London. The airlines operating flight services to Kathmandu are Nepal airlines, Himalayan Airlines, Indian Airlines, Pakistan Airline, Thai Airways, Singapore Airlines, Air China Estern China Southern Airlines, Eitihad,Air Arbia,Fly Dubai,Indigo,Malaysian Airlines,Malino Air,Spice Jet, Biman Bagladesh,Bhutan Air, Galf Air, Silk Air, Air Asia,Qattar, Oman Air, Spice Jet,and .
Overland journey to Nepal is via India from south and via Tibet from the north.
Nepal has seen many rulers and ruling dynasties. The earliest rulers were the Kirantis who ruled from 9th century B.C. to 1st century A.D. Legends and chronicles mention that the Indian Emperor Ashoka had come to Nepal and visited Lumbini, the place where the Buddha was born, and where he erected a huge stone pillar to commemorate his visit to that spot. The Kirants were replaced by Licchavis who, according to the earliest evidences in inscriptions of the 5th century A.D. found in the courtyard of Changunarayan temple which is about 15 km north east of Kathmandu, ruled this country from 1st century to 9th century A.D. This period is noted for the many temples and fine sculptures built around the Kathmandu valley.
The Licchavis were followed by the Thakuris, then came the Malla dynasty. The Mallas ruled focusing mainly on the Kathmandu Valley which has been the residence for most Nepali rulers from time immemorial. No other part of Nepal is as rich in cultural heritage as Kathmandu . Thanks to the exceptionally talented crafts-men, who dedicated themselves to construct the many temples and statues, we have seven world heritage sites in the Kathmandu Valley itself. In the 14th century A.D. King Jayasthiti Malla established a rigid social order. His grandson tried in every way to protect his country from suspected enemy states. Unfortunately, all his efforts were fruitless, everything went beyond his control and the country eventually divided up into 50 small feudal states including the three major ones in the valley
Then came the Shah dynasty. King Prithvi Narayan Shah who annexed small principalities including three states in the Kathmandy Valley and unified Nepal in a single kingdom. Recognizing the threat of the British Raj in India , he dismissed European missionaries from the country and for more than a century, Nepal remained in isolation. During the mid-19th century Jung Bahadur Rana became Nepal ‘s first prime minister to wield absolute power. The Ranas were overthrown in a democracy movement of the early 1950s. In 1768 A.D. the Shah dynasty ascended the throne of the unified kingdom. His Majesty King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev is eleventh King & Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev in the Shah dynasty.
The new democratic constitution of the kingdom was promulgated on November 9, 1990 . Nepal is one of the founder members of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation SAARC of which the third summit was held in Kathmandu in Nov. 1987.
Nepal has a population of about 19 millions which consists of different ethnic groups, races and tribes. They are mainly derived from Indo Aryans, Tibetans, Mongolians and Tibet Burmese origins migrated in different course of time. They are divided into different ethical groups and living in different regions wearing different costumes and speaking different languages and dialects. The Indo-Aryan people have been found mostly in TERAI and Lower Mountain region whereas Mongolians and Tibet Burmese are found in the valleys and mid Himalayan ranges unto 3000 meters. The Tibeto origin people are found mostly in Himalayan region. All of them are known by different surnames like Gurungs, Tamangs, Magars, Rais, Limbhus, Sherpas, Newars, Tharus, Yadavas, Rajbhangsi, Brahmins, Chettris, Thakuris, Ranas etc. But they are proud of calling them Nepali. The average density of people is 123 per sq. Average life expectation is 54.02 years and average birth rate 2.47 per annum, infant mortality birth 107 per thousand.
Variation of its topography has a great impact of its climate. The southern most part, Terai region lies in the tropical section of the country which has a hot and humid climate whereas the Accordingern region typical sub tropical climate such as, it is pleasant all round the year although, the winter nights could be chilly in the day time there is plenty of sun to warm up. The Himalayan region about 4000 meters has an alpine climate. It has considerable lower temperature in winter although, its position on relatively lower northern latitude and makes possible to have plenty of sun.
We can divide four distinct climate seasons in Nepal
(1) March/May (spring)
2) June to August (summer)
(3) September to November (autumn)
(4) December to February (winter)
Though tourism in Nepal started only from 1960s, she has been a favorite holiday destination especially for the westerners and other Asian people. Nepal is a paradise in the sense of natural beauty for unique holiday. The travelers who look for peace, rest, wilderness and nature are found to be much attracted to the country. Especially the mountaineers and other adventures who like the great challenge of the Himalaya find themselves in the best place of the world in Nepal. To enjoy your holiday maximum in Nepal a shorter period: less than a week is never enough. Most of the people are found to visiting Nepal again and again.
Nepal is located bordering with Tibet region of China to the north and India to west, South and East. Total to area is 147,181-sq. km. with its length about 880 km. And breadth 200 km. North south. Geographic diversity is so amazingly vast that altitude ranges from as low as 60 km. above sea level to 8,848-m -summit of the Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest). The landscape grows gradually higher towards north from Silwalik to Mahabharat Hills average 3,000 m. then towering giant mountains in the Himalaya. Small beautiful valleys are often nestled among these hills.
Religion and culture
The major religions of this region Kingdoms are Hinduism and Buddhism, besides that a very small percentage of Muslims, Christians and Jains live in Nepal. The peaceful CO- existence and tolerance among the different religions express the religious tolerance, which is remarkable feature of Nepal. North, the official census Hindus, Buddhist, Muslims, Jains, Christians and other are represented by majestic
temples of exquisite and artistic architecture of Nepali Pagodas whether it is temple, stupa or shrine the perfection of has been featured m. Trustee wood caring, super metal work and artistic terracotta and stone sculptures.
Vegetation and Wildlife
Nepal possesses some of the most outstanding bio-diversity in the world, ranging from sub-tropical Rain forests to Alpine deserts. There are more than 6000 flowering plant species in Nepal . There are several native plants which are originated in Nepal . Himalayan Rhododendron is the most famous one.
Wildlife: Nepal has 30 species of large wild animals and approximately 180 species of mammal’s .The one horned rhinoceros, Royal Bengal tiger, crocodile, snow leopard, red panda, Himalayan black bear, and many other wild animals are found in the forests of Nepal . Nepal has 840 different species of wet-land, migratory and residential birds.